The Terms You Must Understand To Play Chess.

Muhammad Fatchurofi

Many phrases that are used in chess conversations might not be clear to all readers right away. While by no means exhaustive, this selection ought to provide you with a good foundation in both classic chess and The Times’s puzzle. Chess Replay

Back Rank Checkmate: When an opponent’s king is prevented from leaving check by its pieces, a checkmate is achieved by assaulting the opponent’s back rank (first for white, eighth for black).

A blunder is an error with an instant, significant negative impact. Furthermore, “to blunder a piece” is to part with it.

A book move: This is a typical or traditional move. To be distinguished from a “text move.”

Capture: A move that takes an opponent’s piece off the board.

Castle: a player can only move two pieces at once with a castle, which is a unique kind of maneuver. The rook leaps to the opposite side of the king after the king has moved over two squares in either direction. You can move your rook to the center of the board, where it is more powerful, and your king to a safe place. There are some guidelines. While in check, a player is unable to castle. The king cannot move onto a square under enemy control or a castle if it passes through one. If there are pieces between the king and the rook, the king cannot castle. Both the king and the rook must make their initial moves.

The kings of White and Black have castled on the queen and king’s sides, respectively…New York Times Games.

Check an outright assault on the king.

Checkmate: in which the king is confined and unable to move.

A chess engine is a computer program or system that analyzes games and determines the optimal moves. Even the most incredible human chess players are considerably weaker than current chess engines.

Discovered Attack: When a piece attacks after another moves out of the way.

A discovered attack against the king is known as a discovered check. This happens when a piece gets moved aside to give the attacker more room.

Development refers to the stage of a chess game where a player has successfully moved their pieces from their initial positions. If a player holds an advantage in development, it means they have activated a greater number of their pieces.

En passant, a French term meaning “in passing,” is a unique capture maneuver that pawns can execute. When a pawn advances two squares during its initial move and ends up beside an opponent’s pawn, the opposing player can capture the first player’s pawn by moving diagonally behind it.

New York Times Games

En prise,” pronounced to rhyme with “breeze,” refers to a situation where a chess piece is left undefended and vulnerable to capture by an opponent without any negative repercussions.

The endgame is the final phase of a chess match, during which players generally retain only their king and a limited number of remaining pieces.

Evaluation in chess involves assessing the relative progress and position of both black and white. When a chess engine is employed for game evaluation, a positive numerical value indicates an advantage for White, while a negative numerical value signifies an advantage for Black.

An exchange in chess occurs when two players capture each other’s pieces, usually sequentially. Depending on the value of the pieces traded, a player can end up either gaining or losing an exchange.

FIDE, which stands for the Fédération Internationale des Échecs, is the International Chess Federation, serving as the official governing body of the chess game.

A file in chess is a vertical column on the chessboard.

In chess, “flag” refers to when a player runs out of time on their clock. Occasionally, players use the term “dirty flagged” to describe a game where one player loses on the board but wins by exhausting their opponent’s remaining time on the clock.

A fork in chess refers to a piece simultaneously attacking multiple other pieces.

A gambit in chess is an opening strategy where a player willingly sacrifices a piece, often a pawn, to gain a positional advantage in return.

In chess, a piece is considered “hanging” when undefended, making it vulnerable to capture by an opponent without incurring any negative consequences.

Linked pieces in chess commonly refer to two knights that provide a mutual defense to each other. This term can also be used occasionally for rooks positioned to protect one another.

In chess, “material” is an alternate term for chess pieces. Players can be said to be “up” or “down” in material when they have a surplus or a deficit of pieces compared to their opponent.

A mouse slip in online chess occurs when a player accidentally makes a move by clicking the wrong square due to an error or mistake.

An open file in chess refers to a column on the chessboard that is devoid of any pawns.

The opening in chess denotes the early phase of a chess game, generally characterized by a predefined sequence of moves referred to as “theory.”

Over the board” in chess refers to playing in person, typically on a physical chessboard and in a face-to-face setting.

A passed pawn in chess is a pawn that has no opposing pawns on the same or neighboring files between it and the eighth rank. Informally, it is often referred to as a “passer.”

In chess, a piece refers to any of the following: a rook, bishop, knight, pawn, king, or queen. Players can be described as “up a piece” if they possess one or more rooks, bishops, or knights more than their opponent, and conversely, they are considered “down a piece” if they have fewer of these pieces than their adversary.

“Perpetual” in chess, a shortened form of “perpetual check,” occurs when a player repeatedly checks the opponent’s king in a manner that can be sustained, ultimately leading to a draw.

Promotion in chess is the process of upgrading a pawn. When a pawn advances to the far end of the board, it can be transformed into a knight, bishop, rook, or queen. Notably, a pawn can be promoted to any of these pieces, regardless of whether the player has previously captured any such pieces.

A rank in chess refers to a horizontal row on the chessboard.

A rapid game in chess is a match with a fixed time limit where players are required to make all their moves within a timeframe exceeding 10 minutes.

A rating in chess is a numerical assessment of a player’s skill level, determined by their game performance against other players. Different platforms may employ varying calculation methods, but in almost all instances, a player with a higher rating is considered more skilled or more vital in the game.

The result in chess signifies the outcome of a game, which can be categorized as a win, loss, or draw.

Stalemate in chess happens when it’s one player’s turn, but they have no valid moves to make, and their king is not in a checkmate position.

Underpromotion in chess involves promoting a pawn to any piece other than a queen, typically utilized in specific checkmate sequences to prevent a stalemate.

Clement Urieto

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